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Born on September 26
Born on September 26
Copyright 1994, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.
- Davies, Arthur B(owen)
- Davies, Arthur B(owen) (b. Sept. 26, 1862, Utica, N.Y.,
U.S.--d. Oct. 24, 1928, Florence), U.S. painter,
printmaker, and tapestry designer known for his idylls of
classical fantasy painted in a Romantic style but best
remembered for his leadership in introducing modern European
painting styles into early 20th-century America.
- McCay, Winsor
- McCay, Winsor (b. Sept. 26, 1869, Spring Lake, Mich.,
U.S.--d. July 26, 1934), American artist who was a
pioneer of cartoon films.
- Reichenbach, Hans
- Reichenbach, Hans (b. Sept. 26, 1891, Hamburg,
Ger.--d. April 9, 1953, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.),
philosopher and educator (University of Berlin; University
of California) who was a leading representative of the
Vienna Circle and founder of the Berlin school of logical
positivism, a movement that viewed logical statements as
revealing only the basic structure of a priori mental
categories and language. He contributed significantly to
logical interpretations of probability theories, theories of
induction, and the philosophical bases of science. He went
to the United States in 1938, where he helped edit the
Journal of Unified Science
(formerly Erkenntnis [German:
"Perception"]), and wrote
Elements of Symbolic Logic (1947) and
The Rise of Scientific Philosophy
- Hansteen, Christopher
- Hansteen, Christopher (b. Sept. 26, 1784, Christiania [now
Oslo], Nor.--d. April 15, 1873, Christiania),
Norwegian astronomer and physicist noted for his research in
- Gervais, (Francois-Louis-) Paul
- Gervais, (François-Louis-) Paul (b. Sept. 26,
1816, Paris--d. Feb. 10, 1879, Paris), paleontologist
and zoologist who succeeded Georges Cuvier and Henri de
Blainville as principal French contributor to vertebrate
- Proust, Joseph-Louis
- Proust, Joseph-Louis (b. Sept. 26, 1754, Angers,
Fr.--d. July 5, 1826, Angers), French chemist who
proved (1808) that the relative quantities of any given pure
chemical compound's constituent elements remain
invariant, regardless of the compound's source, and
thus provided crucial evidence in support of John
Dalton's "law of definite proportions,"
which holds that elements in any compound are present in
fixed proportion by weight.
- Furphy, Joseph
- Furphy, Joseph, pseudonym TOM
COLLINS (b. Sept.
26, 1843, Yering, near Yarra Glen, Vic., Australia--d.
Sept. 13, 1912, Claremont, W. Aus., Australia), Australian
author whose novels combine an acute sense of local
Australian life and colour with the eclectic philosophy and
literary ideas of a self-taught workingman.
- Munch, Charles
- Munch, Charles (b. Sept. 26, 1891, Strassburg,
Ger.--d. Nov. 6, 1968, Richmond, Va., U.S.), conductor
known for his interpretations of works by Brahms, Debussy,
- Vidyasagar, Isvar Chandra
- Vidyasagar, Isvar Chandra, also spelled
BIDYASAGAR (b. Sept. 26, 1820,
Birsingha, Midnapore district, India--d. July 29,
1891), Indian educator and social reformer, considered the
father of Bengali prose.
- Cortot, Alfred-Denis
- Cortot, Alfred-Denis (b. Sept. 26, 1877, Nyon,
Switz.--d. June 15, 1962, Lausanne), conductor,
teacher, and one of the outstanding French pianists of the
20th century, known especially for his interpretations of
the later Romantic composers.
- Anastasia, Albert
- Anastasia, Albert, original name
ANASTASIO (b. Sept. 26, 1902,
Tropea, Italy--d. Oct. 25, 1957, New York City), major
- Sibiryakov, Aleksandr Mikhaylovich
- Sibiryakov, Aleksandr Mikhaylovich, Sibiryakov also spelled
SIBIRIAKOV (b. Sept. 26
[Oct. 8, New Style], 1849, Irkutsk, Siberia, Russian
Empire--d. 1893), Russian gold-mine proprietor, who
was noted for both his financing of explorations in Siberia
and for his own expeditions in the area.
- Hill, A(rchibald) V(ivian)
- Hill, A(rchibald) V(ivian) (b. Sept. 26, 1886, Bristol,
Gloucestershire, Eng.--d. June 3, 1977, Cambridge),
British physiologist and biophysicist, who received (with
Otto Meyerhof) the 1922 Nobel Prize for Physiology or
Medicine for discoveries concerning the production of heat
in muscles, which helped establish the origin of muscular
force in the breakdown of carbohydrates with formation of
lactic acid in the absence of oxygen.
- Senior, Nassau William
- Senior, Nassau William, (b. Sept. 26, 1790, Compton
Beauchamp, Berkshire, Eng.--d. June 4, 1864, London),
British classical economist who exercised much influence in
the political affairs of his day.
- Lynd, Robert (Staughton); and Lynd, Helen
- Lynd, Robert (Staughton); and Lynd, Helen, Helen Lynd
MERRELL (respectively b. Sept. 26,
1892, New Albany, Ind., U.S.--d. Nov. 1, 1970, Warren,
Conn.; b. March 17, 1894, La Grange, Ill.--d. Jan. 30,
1982, Warren, Ohio), American sociologists, husband and wife
who collaborated on the Middletown
books, which became classics of sociological
literature as well as popular successes. They are said to
have been the first to apply the methods of cultural
anthropology to the study of a modern Western city.
- Delacour, Jean Theodore
- Delacour, Jean Theodore (b. Sept. 26, 1890, Paris,
Fr.--d. Nov. 5, 1985, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.),
French-American aviculturist known for discovering and
rearing some of the world's rarest birds.
- Bacheller, Irving (Addison)
- Bacheller, Irving (Addison) (b. Sept. 26, 1859, Pierpont,
N.Y., U.S.--d. Feb. 24, 1950, White Plains, N.Y.),
journalist and novelist whose books, generally set in upper
New York State, are humorous and full of penetrating
character delineations, especially of rural types.
- Bhely-Quenum, Olympe
- Bhêly-Quénum, Olympe (b. Sept. 26,
1928, Donukpa, Dahomey [now Benin]), African French-language
novelist, journalist, and short-story writer.
- Bradlaugh, Charles
- Bradlaugh, Charles (b. Sept. 26, 1833, London--d. Jan.
30, 1891, London), British radical and atheist, a
freethinker in the tradition of Voltaire and Thomas Paine,
prominent throughout most of the second half of the 19th
century for his championship of individual liberties.
- Pastorius, Francis Daniel
- Pastorius, Francis Daniel (b. Sept. 26, 1651, Sommerhausen,
Bavaria [Germany]--d. c.
Jan. 1, 1720, Germantown, Pa. [now U.S.]), German
educator, humanitarian, author, and public official who
helped settle Pennsylvania and was founder of Germantown,
- Wallis, Sir Barnes (Neville)
- Wallis, Sir Barnes (Neville) (b. Sept. 26, 1887--d.
Oct. 30, 1979, Leatherhead, Surrey, Eng.), British
aeronautical designer and military engineer who invented the
innovative "dambuster" bombs used in World War
- Grimm, Friedrich Melchior, Freiherr von
- Grimm, Friedrich Melchior, Freiherr von (baron of) (b. Sept.
26, 1723, Ratisbon--d. Dec. 19, 1807, Gotha,
Saxe-Gotha), critic of German descent who played an
important part in the spread of 18th-century French culture
- Brown, Harrison (Scott)
- Brown, Harrison (Scott) (b. Sept. 26, 1917, Sheridan, Wyo.,
U.S.--d. Dec. 8, 1986, Albuquerque, N.M.), American
geochemist known for his role in isolating plutonium for its
use in the first atomic bombs and for his studies regarding
meteorites and the Earth's origin.
- Feng Yu-hsiang
- Feng Yü-hsiang, Pinyin
YUXIANG (b. Sept. 26, 1882,
Hsing-chi-chen, Chihli [now in Hopeh province],
China--d. Sept. 1, 1948), Chinese warlord, known as
the Christian General, who dominated parts of North China
from 1918 to 1930.
- Okubo Toshimichi
- Okubo Toshimichi (b. Sept. 26, 1830, Kagoshima,
Japan--d. May 14, 1878, Tokyo), Japanese politician
and one of the samurai leaders who in 1868 overthrew the
Tokugawa family, which had ruled Japan for 264 years, and
restored the government of the emperor. After the Meiji
Restoration he spent much of his career helping to establish
Japan as a progressive nation.
- Chapman, John
- Chapman, John, byname JOHNNY
APPLESEED (b. Sept. 26,
1774, Leominster, Mass.--d. March 18?, 1845, near Fort
Wayne, Ind., U.S.), missionary nurseryman of the North
American frontier who helped prepare the way for
19th-century pioneers by supplying apple-tree nursery stock
throughout the Middle West.
- .Christian X
- .Christian X (b. Sept. 26, 1870, Charlottenlund,
Den.--d. April 20, 1947, Copenhagen), king of Denmark
(1912-47) who symbolized the nation's
resistance to the German occupation during World War II.
- Czernin, Ottokar, Count
- Czernin, Ottokar, Count (Graf), in full
OTTOKAR, COUNT CZERNIN VON UND ZU CHUDENITZ
(b. Sept. 26, 1872, Dimokur, Bohemia,
Austria-Hungary [now Dymokury, Czech Republic]--d.
April 4, 1932, Vienna, Austria), foreign minister of
Austria-Hungary (1916-18), whose efforts to disengage
his country from its participation in World War I failed to
prevent the dissolution of the Habsburg monarchy in 1918.
- Blunt, Anthony (Frederick)
- Blunt, Anthony (Frederick), also called (1956-79)
BLUNT (b. Sept. 26, 1907,
Bournemouth, Hampshire, Eng.--d. March 26, 1983,
London), British art historian who late in his life was
revealed to have been a Soviet spy.
- Yorck von Wartenburg, Johann (David Ludwig), Graf
- Yorck von Wartenburg, Johann (David Ludwig), Graf (count),
Yorck also spelled YORK,
Johann also rendered HANS
(b. Sept. 26, 1759, Potsdam, Prussia [now in
Germany]--d. Oct. 4, 1830, Klein-Öls,
Silesia [now Olesnica, Pol.]), Prussian field marshal,
reformer, and successful commander during the Wars of
Liberation (1813-15) against France. His initiative
in signing a separate neutrality agreement with Russia
during the Napoleonic invasion of that country (Convention
of Tauroggen, 1812) opened the way for Prussia to join the
Allied powers against Napoleon.
- Temple, Richard Grenville-Temple, 1st Earl, VISCOUNT COBHAM, BARON COBHAM
- Temple, Richard Grenville-Temple, 1st Earl, V
OBHAM, original name
GRENVILLE (b. Sept. 26, 1711,
London, Eng.--d. Sept. 12, 1779, Stowe, near
Buckingham, Buckinghamshire), English statesman, the
brother-in-law of William Pitt, under whom he served as
first lord of the Admiralty.
- Hine, Lewis Wickes
- Hine, Lewis Wickes (b. Sept. 26, 1874, Oshkosh, Wis.,
U.S.--d. Nov. 3, 1940, Hastings-on-Hudson, N.Y.),
American photographer who used his art to bring social ills
to public attention.
- Ekwensi, Cyprian (Odiatu Duaka)
- Ekwensi, Cyprian (Odiatu Duaka) (b. Sept. 26, 1921, Minna,
Nigeria), Ibo novelist, short-story writer, and
children's author whose strength lies in his
realistic depiction of the forces that have shaped the
African city dweller.
- Gericault, (Jean-Louis-Andre-)Theodore
(Jean-Louis-André-)Théodore (b. Sept. 26,
1791, Rouen, Fr.--d. Jan. 26, 1824, Paris), painter
who exerted a seminal influence on the development of
Romantic art in France. Géricault was a fashionable
dandy and an avid horseman whose dramatic paintings reflect
his colourful, energetic, and somewhat morbid personality.
- Brooke RAJ
- Brooke RAJ
(1841-1946), dynasty of British rajas that ruled
Sarawak (now a state in Malaysia) on the island of Borneo
for a century.
- Gershwin, George
- Gershwin, George, original name
GERSHVIN (b. Sept. 26, 1898, East
New York [now in Brooklyn], N.Y., U.S.--d. July 11,
1937, Hollywood, Calif.), one of the most significant and
popular of American composers. His primary field was the
Broadway musical theatre, but important as well are his
compositions in which the techniques and forms of art music
are blended in varying degrees with the stylistic nuances
and techniques of popular music and jazz.
- Mendelssohn, Moses
- Mendelssohn, Moses (b. Sept. 26, 1729, Dessau, Anhalt
[Germany]--d. Jan. 4, 1786, Berlin, Prussia),
German-Jewish philosopher, critic, and Bible translator and
commentator who greatly contributed to the efforts of Jews
to assimilate to the German bourgeoisie.
- .Paul VI
- .Paul VI, original name
MONTINI (b. Sept. 26, 1897,
Concesio, Italy--d. Aug. 6, 1978, Castel Gandolfo),
Italian pope of the Roman Catholic church (reigned
1963-78) during a period including most of the second
Vatican Council (1962-65) and the immediate
postconciliar era, in which he issued directives and
guidance to a changing Roman Catholic church. His
pontificate was confronted with the problems and
uncertainties of a church facing a new role in the
- Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich
- Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich (b. Sept. 26 [Sept. 14, old style],
1849, Ryazan, Russia--d. Feb. 27, 1936, Leningrad [St.
Petersburg]), Russian physiologist known chiefly for his
development of the concept of the conditioned reflex. In a
now classic experiment, he trained a hungry dog to salivate
at the sound of a bell, which was previously associated with
the sight of food. He developed a similar conceptual
approach, emphasizing the importance of conditioning, in his
pioneering studies relating human behaviour to the nervous
system. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology in
1904 for his work on digestive secretions.
- Heidegger, Martin
- Heidegger, Martin (b. Sept. 26, 1889, Messkirch,
Schwarzwald, Ger.--d. May 26, 1976, Messkirch,
W.Ger.), German philosopher, counted among the main
exponents of 20th-century Existentialism. He was an original
thinker, a critic of technological society, a leading
ontologist of his time, and an influence on a younger
generation of continental European cultural personalities.
- Eliot, T.S.
- Eliot, T.S., in full THOMAS STEARNS
ELIOT (b. Sept. 26, 1888, St. Louis, Mo.,
U.S.--d. Jan. 4, 1965, London, Eng.), American-English
poet, playwright, literary critic, and editor, a leader of
the modernist movement in poetry in such works as
The Waste Land (1922) and
Four Quartets (1943). Eliot exercised a
strong influence on Anglo-American culture from the 1920s
until late in the century. His experiments in diction,
style, and versification revitalized English poetry, and in
a series of critical essays he shattered old orthodoxies and
erected new ones. The publication of Four
Quartets led to his recognition as the
greatest living English poet and man of letters, and in 1948
he was awarded both the Order of Merit and the Nobel Prize
- Kuprin, Aleksandr Ivanovich
- Kuprin, Aleksandr Ivanovich (b. Sept. 7 [Aug. 26, old
style], 1870, Narovchat, Russia--d. Aug. 25, 1938,
Leningrad), Russian novelist and short-story writer, one of
the last exponents of the great tradition of Russian
- Innocent VENIAMINOV, SAINT
- Innocent VENIAMINOV,
VENIAMINOV, original name
VENIAMINOV (b. Sept. 6 [Aug. 26,
old style], 1797, Anginskoye, Irkutsk Province, Russian
Empire--d. April 12 [March 31, O.S.] 1879, Moscow;
canonized Oct. 6, 1977), the most famous Russian Orthodox
missionary priest of the 19th century, who later became
Metropolitan Innocent of Moscow. He was canonized in the
- Tsvetayeva, Marina Ivanovna
- Tsvetayeva, Marina Ivanovna, married name
EFRON (b. Oct. 8 [Sept. 26, Old
Style], 1892, Moscow, Russia--d. Aug. 31, 1941,
Yelabuga), Russian poet whose verse is distinctive for its
staccato rhythms, originality, and directness and who,
though little known outside Russia, is considered one of the
finest 20th-century poets in the Russian language.